Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-23

Post burn perineal contractures: case series and a classification system

1 Department of Surgery, Wuse District Hospital, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria
2 Department of Plastic Surgery, National Orthopaedic Hospital Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rex Ochuko Dafiewhare
Wuse District Hospital, 10 Conakry Street, Abuja, FCT
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njps.njps_7_19

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Introduction: Perineal burn contractures remain under reported in our region. We have set out to study the pattern of presentation, describe the formation of these contractures and identify any recurring patterns that will form a basis for a classification that will be useful in planning their management. Methods: A retrospective study of the patients seen over a three year period (2009–2011) at the National Orthopaedic hospital Dala is presented. Information was retrieved from case notes in the medical records department. The bio-data, type of care received post injury associated percentage burns, formation of contractures, were all noted. Results: All the seven patients seen were children of which five were females. Flame burn was the main type of burn. All burns occurred at home. Four major types of contractures were identified as transverse bands, hooding, fusion and obliteration. An equal number of patients presented following home versus hospital care. Conclusion: The relative rarity of post burn perineal contractures leaves little experience for the young surgeon to take advantage of when in training. A classification system will help to make it easier to identify what structures are involved and make planning easier. In the absence of specialized care it is doubtful that there is any statistical difference in the likelihood of perineal contracture development of patients managed at home by traditional healers versus those presenting in peripheral centers lacking formal burn management protocols. Most childhood burns still occur at home. There is a need to continually educate the public on the need to make the home a safe place for children.

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